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What according to Aristotle is the highest good and what does that have to do with his theory of virtue?

What according to Aristotle is the highest good and what does that have to do with his theory of virtue?

Aristotle defines the supreme good as an activity of the rational soul in accordance with virtue. Virtue for the Greeks is equivalent to excellence. Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices.

What is Aristotle’s virtue theory?

Virtue ethics is a philosophy developed by Aristotle and other ancient Greeks. This character-based approach to morality assumes that we acquire virtue through practice. By practicing being honest, brave, just, generous, and so on, a person develops an honorable and moral character.

What are virtues of character according to Aristotle?

In the Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle describes virtues in two types, one of character and another of thought. Virtues of character include things like bravery, temperance, and generosity, while virtues of thought include wisdom and prudence.

What is virtue according to Aristotle quizlet?

Aristotle concludes that a virtue is ‘a state of character concerned with choice, lying in the mean (the mean relative to us), this being determined by a rational principle and by that principle by which the person practical wisdom would determine it’.

What is a virtuous action on Aristotle’s view?

More explicitly, an action counts as virtuous, according to Aristotle, when one holds oneself in a stable equilibrium of the soul, in order to choose the action knowingly and for its own sake. This stable equilibrium of the soul is what constitutes character.

How does Aristotle think that people become virtuous quizlet?

People become virtuous by imitating other people with practical wisdom. We must practice the ability to find the mean between excess and deficiency, until we habituate virtue like people with practical wisdom.

What is the meaning of good life according to Plato?

According to Plato, a ‘good-life’ is one that ensures the well being of a person (Eudaimonia). The well being can be ensured by a good state of the soul. A good state of the soul is either a product of good soul and doing what is good for the soul.

What is a happy life according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life. This requires us to make choices, some of which may be very difficult.

What is the best life for human being according to Aristotle?

Aristotle’s best life for humans. According to Aristotle, the goal of a happy life is action itself, aiming to reach Eudaimonia. For Aristotle, Eudaimonia represents the ultimate goal. Every activity is performed for a certain target, which is rated individually as good and makes the best life to an active approach.

What is good life according to Aristotle?

What are the two kinds of virtue according to Aristotle?

Aristotle distinguishes between two kinds of virtue: moral virtue and intellectual virtue Aristotle says that moral virtues are not innate, but that they are acquired by developing the habit of exercising them. An individual becomes truthful by acting truthfully, or becomes unselfish by acting unselfishly.

What is the difference between a virtuous person and a continent person according to Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, the virtuous person does what is right and enjoys it, the continent person does what is right but grudgingly, the incontinent person knows what is right but can’t bring themselves to do it, and the base person does not even know what is right. Give some examples of Aristotelian virtues.

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