What are the Hohokam known for?
What are the Hohokam known for?
The Hohokam are probably most famous for their creation of extensive irrigation canals along the Salt and Gila rivers. In fact, the Hohokam had the largest and most complex irrigation systems of any culture in the New World north of Peru.
What did Hohokam eat?
Corn was the main food of the Hohokam. Corn was dried and ground between stones called a mano and metate to make corn meal. Beans and squash were also grown and could be eaten fresh or dried in the sun and stored for winter.
What happened to the hohokams?
At the beginning of this period, the Hohokam constructed their last large irrigation network on the river and used all of the available water to irrigate crops. This stressed their most critical resource, water. From 1350 to 1450 the population plunges and traces of the Hohokam disappear from the archaeological record.
Why did the Hohokam civilization disappear?
The Hohokam people abandoned most of their settlements during the period between 1350 and 1450. It is thought that the Great Drought (1276–99), combined with a subsequent period of sparse and unpredictable rainfall that persisted until approximately 1450, contributed to this process.
What language did the Hohokam speak?
Comparative language studies suggest that many of the Hohokam people spoke a variety of ancient Tepiman, but certain odd words used by the historical Akimel O’odham and Tohono O’odham are more closely related to the Zuni In- dian language of western New Mexi- co than to the main Tepiman lang- uage, suggesting that most …
Why did the Anasazi leave?
In addition to the drought and marauding enemy theories, scientists suggest that things like poor sanitation, pests, and environmental degradation may have caused the Anasazi to move.
How did the Hohokam get food?
The Hohokam supplemented their primarily plant-food diet with meat. They had no domestic animals except the dog, so most meat was obtained by hunting. Deer and rabbit were the most important meat sources, but the Indians also killed and ate mountain sheep, antelope, and rodents, including mice and ground squirrels.
Who was the leader of the Hohokam?
Paul and Suzanne Fish. Paul and Suzanne Fish have been leaders in Hohokam research for decades.
How did the Hohokam die?
Archaeologists used to believe that Hohokam population decline happened quickly and was caused by some type of catastrophe, such as flooding, disease, or warfare.
What crops did the Hohokam people grow?
Near their villages, on floodplains or alluvial slopes, the Hohokam established fields of corn, beans, squash, and cotton. They used every possible space to grow crops, even building small terraces and check dams on hill slopes to collect and divert rainfall runoff toward their fields.
What did the Hohokam wear?
The Hohokam Indians made simple clothing from animal skins and plant fibers. Villagers wore breechcloths and aprons. In winter, they wore buckskin shirts, cloth ponchos, and blankets.
What tools did the Hohokam use?
Throughout the mountains, the Hohokam found good rocks for making stone tools. They made tools by striking stone against stone until sharp-edged flakes were released. Then, they fashioned the flakes into knives, scrapers, and arrowheads, leaving the unwanted fragments of rock behind.
How did the Anasazi die?
What weapons did the Hohokam use?
They made tools by striking stone against stone until sharp-edged flakes were released. Then, they fashioned the flakes into knives, scrapers, and arrowheads, leaving the unwanted fragments of rock behind.