What damage did the 2011 Christchurch earthquake cause?
What damage did the 2011 Christchurch earthquake cause?
Multiple buildings collapsed, and the city was impacted by burst water mains, flooding, liquefaction and power outages. The port was damaged, and many roads cracked. More than 4,500 vehicles were stranded in the city centre during the recovery period.
How long did the Christchurch earthquake last 2011?
While the initial quake only lasted for approximately 10 seconds, the damage was severe because of the location and shallowness of the earthquake’s focus in relation to Christchurch as well as previous quake damage…
What were the effects of the New Zealand earthquake 2011?
The Canterbury earthquakes caused a significant change to the natural environment, including liquefaction, lateral spread near waterways, land level changes, and numerous rockfalls and landslides. Air and water quality were also impacted, with water-based recreational activities halted until November 2011.
How many houses were damaged in the Christchurch earthquake?
Power was cut to around 54,000 homes, with further damage and liquefaction in already weakened areas. The Lyttelton Timeball Station collapsed and Christchurch Cathedral sustained more damage. At least 46 people were reported injured.
How long did the Christchurch 2010 earthquake last?
The quake was felt as lasting up to 40 seconds, and was felt widely across the South Island, and in the North Island as far north as New Plymouth. As the epicentre was on land away from the coast, no tsunami occurred.
Where is safest place in earthquake?
COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk. If there is no shelter nearby, get down near an interior wall or next to low-lying furniture that won’t fall on you, and cover your head and neck with your arms and hands.
What was the worst earthquake in New Zealand?
At 9:11pm, on 23 January 1855, the southern part of the North Island was struck by a magnitude 8.2 earthquake, the most powerful ever recorded in New Zealand.
What caused the New Zealand earthquake 2011?
The earthquake was caused by the rupture of a 15-kilometre-long fault along the southern edge of the city, from Cashmere to the Avon–Heathcote estuary. The fault slopes southward beneath the Port Hills and did not break the surface – scientists used instrument measurements to determine its location and movement.
What were the social impacts of the Christchurch earthquake?
Social and economic 181 people were killed. Damaged sewage pipes contaminated water supplies which increased risk of disease. Businesses were closed for a long time. Christchurch could not host five Rugby World Cup matches.
Has New Zealand recovered from the 2011 earthquake?
Hundreds of heritage buildings were lost – either to the earthquake, or the demolition drive to move on from it. The town hall and Edwardian-era Isaac Theatre Royal have both been restored and reopened; but demolition of the Christchurch Basilica, which first opened its doors in 1905, began only in December.
Why was Christchurch earthquake so destructive?
The earthquake was a “strike-slip event with oblique motion” which caused mostly horizontal movement with some vertical movement, with reverse thrust causing upwards vertical movement. The vertical acceleration was far greater than the horizontal acceleration.
What happened in Canterbury 10 years ago?
The quake was felt as lasting up to 40 seconds, and was felt widely across the South Island, and in the North Island as far north as New Plymouth. As the epicentre was on land away from the coast, no tsunami occurred…
What are three things you should not do during an earthquake?
What should I NOT do during an earthquake?
- DO NOT turn on the gas again if you turned it off; let the gas company do it.
- DO NOT use matches, lighters, camp stoves or barbecues, electrical equipment, appliances UNTIL you are sure there are no gas leaks.
- DO NOT use your telephone, EXCEPT for a medical or fire emergency.
Is it better to be inside or outside during an earthquake?
But experts have long warned the public against leaving a building and heading outdoors during a quake. The safest place to be as the earth moves is inside, protected from potentially crushing debris, drooping power lines, falling trees or building extremities that could crumble.
What is the safest place in an earthquake?
Stay Safe During an Earthquake
- DROP down onto your hands and knees before the earthquake knocks you down.
- COVER your head and neck (and your entire body if possible) underneath a sturdy table or desk.
- HOLD ON to your shelter (or to your head and neck) until the shaking stops.
Is New Zealand in the Ring of Fire?
New Zealand is located on the edge of a zone of intense seismic activity known as the Ring of Fire. This borders the Pacific Plate and includes many of the world’s greatest seismic and volcanic hot spots, including Indonesia, Japan, California, Peru and Chile.
Which country has the most earthquakes in the world?
For which country do we locate the most earthquakes? Japan. The whole country is in a very active seismic area, and they have the densest seismic network in the world, so they are able to record many earthquakes.
How did the Christchurch earthquake affect the economy?
Impacts on the built and economic environment. The September 2010 earthquake caused an estimated repair and rebuilding cost of about NZ$5 billion, and the financial markets were largely unaffected . The cost of repairing damage caused by the aftershock sequence is significantly higher.
What was the response to the 2011 New Zealand earthquake?
Responses to reduce the impacts International aid was provided (around $6 to $7 million). Aid workers from charities such as the Red Cross came to help. 300 Australian police officers were flown in. Temporary housing was provided.