Table of Contents
- 1 What is the meaning of Antiochus?
- 2 When did Antiochus IV die?
- 3 What resulted from the Maccabean revolt?
- 4 Who was the Roman emperor who destroyed the Second Temple in Jerusalem?
- 5 What did the Romans rename Judea to?
- 6 What do the zealots believe in?
- 7 What is the Hanukkah story?
- 8 What is a zealot halo?
- 9 What is Ptolemy theory?
- 10 What did Antiochus the king do in Jerusalem?
- 11 What was the most important event in the reign of Antiochus IV?
- 12 Why did Antiochus the Great side with the Hellenized Jews?
- 13 Why was Antiochus the madman interested in the Jews?
What is the meaning of Antiochus?
Meaning & History From the Greek name Ἀντίοχος (Antiochos), derived from Greek ἀντί (anti) meaning “against, compared to, like” and ὀχή (oche) meaning “support”. This was the name of several rulers of the Seleucid Empire.
When did Antiochus IV die?
Antiochus IV Epiphanes/Date of death
What resulted from the Maccabean revolt?
|Result||Revolt succeeded After an early victory in the recapture of Jerusalem and the cleansing of the Second temple, fighters under Judah Maccabee held an 8 day festival at the Hanukkah, or “dedication” of the altar. Judean autonomy, later developed into the independent Hasmonean dynasty|
Who was the Roman emperor who destroyed the Second Temple in Jerusalem?
In 66 CE the Jewish population rebelled against the Roman Empire. Four years later, on 4 August 70 CE (the 9th Day of Av and possibly the day on which Tisha B’Av was observed) or 30 August 70 CE, Roman legions under Titus retook and destroyed much of Jerusalem and the Second Temple.
What did the Romans rename Judea to?
After the defeat of Bar Kokhba (132–135 CE) the Roman Emperor Hadrian was determined to wipe out the identity of Israel-Judah-Judea, and renamed it Syria Palaestina. Until that time the area had been called the “province of Judea” (Roman Judea) by the Romans.
What do the zealots believe in?
The Zealots advocated violence against the Romans, their Jewish collaborators, and the Sadducees, by raiding for provisions and other activities to aid their cause.
What is the Hanukkah story?
Hanukkah commemorates a historical event that took place in Jerusalem in the 2nd century BCE, when the Seleucid Greek empire was the ruling power. In 168 BCE, the king Antiochus IV Epiphanes outlawed Jewish practice and defiled the Jewish Temple in the city by installing an altar to Zeus Olympios and sacrificing pigs.
What is a zealot halo?
The Zealots are a military order of high-ranking Sangheili warriors in the Covenant, as well as some of its splinter factions during the Blooding Years. They were supervised and deployed by the Ministry of Fervent Intercession, with their organization divided into multiple chapters.
What is Ptolemy theory?
The Ptolemaic system was a geocentric system that postulated that the apparently irregular paths of the Sun, Moon, and planets were actually a combination of several regular circular motions seen in perspective from a stationary Earth.
Meaning & History From the Greek name Ἀντίοχος (Antiochos), derived from Greek ἀντί (anti) meaning “against, compared to, like” and ὀχή (oche) meaning “support”. This was the name of several rulers of the Seleucid Empire. It was also borne by a 2nd-century Christian martyr, the patron saint of Sardinia.
What did Antiochus the king do in Jerusalem?
Jerusalem became a little version of Antioch, replete with a gymnasium where the Jewish Kohanim often played Greek sports in the nude. Meanwhile, King Antiochus had access to the Temple treasury to help fund his military campaign to conquer Egypt.
What was the most important event in the reign of Antiochus IV?
Notable events during the reign of Antiochus IV include his near-conquest of Egypt, his persecution of the Jews of Judea and Samaria, and the rebellion of the Jewish Maccabees .
Why did Antiochus the Great side with the Hellenized Jews?
Antiochus decided to side with the Hellenized Jews in order to consolidate his empire and to strengthen his hold over the region. He outlawed Jewish religious rites and traditions kept by observant Jews and ordered the worship of Zeus as the supreme god (2 Maccabees 6:1–12).
Why was Antiochus the madman interested in the Jews?
The Jews were clearly targets of Antiochus’s strategy of Hellenization. He understood that to ultimately succeed in Egypt, he would need to disrupt the influence of the Jews within his own territories.