General Info

What is the term for ethnic cleansing?

What is the term for ethnic cleansing?

Genocide is a term used to describe violence against members of a national, ethnic, racial or religious group with the intent to destroy the entire group.

Why was there ethnic cleansing in Yugoslavia?

In the report, the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia and Herzegovina was singled out and described as a political objective of Serb nationalists who wanted to ensure control of territories with a Serb majority as well as “adjacent territories assimilated to them”.

What is meant by ethnic group?

Listen to pronunciation. (ETH-nik groop) A group of people who share a similar culture (beliefs, values, and behaviors), language, religion, ancestry, or other characteristic that is often handed down from one generation to the next. They may come from the same country or live together in the same area.

What is ethnic cleansing a euphemism for?

The term ‘ethnic cleansing’ is used as a euphemism for genocide despite it having no legal status. Like ‘Judenrein’ and ‘racial hygiene’ in Nazi medicine, it expropriates pseudo-medical terminology to justify massacre.

What religion was Yugoslavia?

Religion is closely identified with nationalism: Croatia and Slovenia in the north and west are Catholic; Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia to the east and south-east are Orthodox (Serbian and Macedonian); and Bosnia Hercegovina in the centre is a mixture of Orthodox (the major- ity), Muslims (next in size, who are …

When was the first ethnic cleansing?

Another major controversy concerns the question of whether or not ethnic cleansing originated in the 20th century. Some scholars have pointed to the forced resettlement of millions of people by the Assyrians in the 9th and 7th centuries bc as perhaps the first cases of ethnic cleansing.

How did the US respond to the Bosnian genocide?

The 1992-95 war in Bosnia and Herzegovina ended with the crucial participation of the United States in brokering the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement. The United States supports Bosnia and Herzegovina on its path toward full integration into Western institutions.

What classifies as a war crime?

According to the United Nations, a war crime is a serious breach of international law committed against civilians or “enemy combatants” during an international or domestic armed conflict. A war crime occurs when superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering is inflicted upon an enemy.

What four major ethnic groups comprised the country of Yugoslavia?

Ethnic groups in Yugoslavia

  • Serbs (36.3%)
  • Croats (19.7%)
  • ethnic Muslims (8.9%)
  • Slovenes (7.8%)
  • Albanians (7.7%)
  • Macedonians (6.0%)
  • Montenegrins (2.6%)
  • Hungarians (1.9%)

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