Postmodern in the theatre
With a sharp and decisive allegations of modernity and its project, actually, started the postmodern debate. Usually they end a word of warning: if mankind will continue to live by the laws and principles of modernism, there is a threat to the very existence of our planet. This criticism of modernity, they are unanimous.
In the postmodern discussion is not by accident the voice of prominent representatives of literature and art. In fact, in these areas of culture and the struggle against the era of “modernity”. And then she rolled up philosophy. It is natural that the tone of the philosophical debate began to ask the French thinkers, always sensitively reacted to the ferment of ideas and mentalities in literature and art.
The researchers of postmodernism draw attention to the fact that the term “postmodern society” in the late 60ies began to meet in the sociological literature. Thus, the American sociologist A. Etzioni in the book “The Active society. The theory of social and political processes” wrote that the postmodern era begins (conventionally) after 1945 and brings with it an alternative choice: either rapid and uncontrollable development of technology, based primarily on criteria of their effectiveness and the value of domination subordination, or the choice of new values, which offer the prospect of an “active society”.
The postmodern is marked by the specific antinomies. On the one hand, he opposed the dominant influence of the “machinery”, “mechanical philosophy” the style of thinking of the modern era. On the other hand, postmodern art is crucially affected by the distribution of electronic media. The aesthetics of postmodernism, literally trashed the “conformism” of modernity, largely arose out of the conformist adaptation to new technology, often dictate the style characteristics of the new art.
So, with the help of the term “postmodernism” refers, first of all the latest trends in art and new trends in aesthetics.
The method implementation system as the main ideological and artistic principles in the art is realized through the complex phenomena of style. The method determines the selection of the leading styles and shapes, achieving a certain ratio of these forms in the piece and, finally, specific, unique style solutions works, his consciousness We interpret the category of style as a meaningful, formal, dominated by the time meaningful, defined in the end all the wealth in human social practices. In contrast, the main directions of irrational or subjectivist aesthetics consider style as a set of purely formal aspects, such as the expression of the mystical art will, as the unity closed world works, which is subject to arbitrary stylistic interpretation free “game text”.
System of means of expression of the ideological and artistic specificity that occur, at least in the works of several masters of this template style, showing the accessory works of a particular era, nation, and artistic traditions.
System of means of expression of the ideological and artistic specificity of the works, peculiar only to the master, to form individual forms (actually individual style, personal style, “handwriting”).
Along with the previous trends to form new hyper realism, pop art, conceptualism, various “neoism” (neoclassicism, neo romanticism, new symbols, etc.), indicating the return to the principles and practices of art of previous eras. “Postmodernism is searching for a new language of contemporary art, based on a synthesis of the realistic, naturalistic, romantic ways to experience reality with a surreal, absurdist, grotesque, symbolic forms.” According to one of the theorists of postmodernism V. Welsh, postmodern is “the state of radical plurality”, and “postmodernism”. Did not invent this situation, it only interprets it. He does not turn away from time, he explores.
Thus, there are constant processes of differentiation and integration of stylistic phenomena related to interaction between various areas of the arts among themselves but also with reality.
Taken separately, out of style, system, elements, techniques, genres can serve different historical, national and individual styles. Various forms of stylistic phenomena act as typical methods of concentration and crystallization in the art in view of the ideological and artistic systems of collective and individual experience of sense of reality.
Genre features of the work is the most stable basis of all his art forms. Genre style this traditional method of selecting the funds in which the composite distribution of the leading semantic and stylistic layers of the works.
The system of genres with techniques that are specific to the type and kind of art, is the indispensable condition, the rules of aesthetic communication, which are the subject of perception in each piece and form of art.
The genre and style most clearly focused regularities of the artistic experience of mankind. However, in the holistic product, in addition to genre style, perform and other forms of style. These aspects are dictated by national artistic tradition, the actual mood of the era and the individual attitude of the artist. Each time there is a peculiar combination of genre style, national style, individual style of the author.
Postmodern theorist Robert Venturi sees in postmodern architecture “shelter setting” (roof with ornaments) and it is important that it is humanistic and as close as possible the everyday world of man, devoid of mystery, mystique.
Reflections Bidana relate primarily to the production as the Lehmann takes a minor place in literary based theatrical spectacle.
The crossing theatre, performance art, plastic arts, dance, music, film, video, television and new media, which becomes a de condition and parataxis, covering the basic elements of theatrical works.
The performance is dramatic, because it affects the public, sometimes shocking her. Modern society tends to neutralize any differences and maybe that is why postmodern spectacle deliberative sense inclined to inquire about our debts, losses, harm, finding no solution, no answer. This type of performances leaves the idea “in agony of incompleteness”, and these torments, according to Lyotard, are the postmodern condition of thought (“Postmodern tales”). In other words, the presence of thought even more significantly, she now operates in a different mode, not calming down perfection.
The culture of the new Millennium is a culture of virtual, but not because it is illusory or highly technical in creating the computer like real spaces, and because it was based on this mechanism to create a virtual space and the observer himself (what can be considered self-consciousness), and all this intertwined with real life events, where miracle becomes mundane and ordinary event, such as top of the tram. And that is why in this virtual world it is possible the execution of any desires, because this world, the true creation, even the creation of life.
We see remains the same mechanism in the interaction between man and man. And therefore it is model. And if this model exists today only on the phase relationship of two people, and is understood intuitively, tomorrow, this model can be realized and used in culture as the basic model of its action. And this ingenious phenomenon of the new culture is in the process of understanding of humanity and has already been formed in reality.