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What are two accomplishments of Muslims?

What are two accomplishments of Muslims?

Here Hassani shares his top 10 outstanding Muslim inventions:

  • Surgery. Around the year 1,000, the celebrated doctor Al Zahrawi published a 1,500 page illustrated encyclopedia of surgery that was used in Europe as a medical reference for the next 500 years.
  • Coffee.
  • Flying machine.
  • University.
  • Algebra.
  • Optics.
  • Music.
  • Toothbrush.

What is the purpose of the two navigational instruments adapted and perfected by Muslims?

As aids to travel, Muslims used navigational instruments. Muslim scientists adapted and perfected the compass and astrolabe. Muslims probably learned about the compass from the Chinese. Compasses allow people to identify the direction in which they are traveling.

How did trade help to spread and connect ideas from different cultures?

Trade spreads ideas and culture because it involves people moving from place to place around the world as they trade. As they move, they (and the people they meet) come into contact with new ideas and cultural practices.

Why did Islamic culture flourish despite the fact that the Muslims empire did not last?

Islam culture was able to flourish because of its cities. Cities in the Muslim Empires were built magnificently with building structures, Mosques, Markets, Libraries and schools. Islamic culture also flourished because of trade which allowed people from different places to contribute their knowledge in the Muslim land.

How did the spread of Islam improve literacy rates?

The spread of Islam help increase literacy among the populations in the kingdoms of West and Central Africa as converts to Islam were required to read and study from the Qur’an, and Muslim mosques became centres of learning and intellectual libraries for those of the faith.

What are two reasons for khwarizmi?

What are two reasons why al-Khwarizmi’s books were important to the field of mathematics? It helped popularize Arabic numerals and helped Muslims with fractions and decimals.

Who was Philip II’s main Protestant enemy in Europe?

He considered himself the chief defender of Catholic Europe, both against the Ottoman Turks and against the forces of the Protestant Reformation.

What was used to spread Islam?

Islam spread through military conquest, trade, pilgrimage, and missionaries. Arab Muslim forces conquered vast territories and built imperial structures over time.

How did Muslims contribute to zoology?

Muslims created zoological gardens to display the exotic animals they studied. Besides the fact that the Qur’an tells them to discover things about the world, the Muslim people were curious. Two of their many great contributions were in zoology and astronomy. Muslims made improvements to astronomy.

How did Arab scholars help resurrect European learning?

How did Arab scholarship help resurrect European learning? Arab scholarship translated Arabic writing into Latin for Europeans to better understand. This sparked new teachings for Europeans which also started new education. The Umayyads were trying to expand the Empire and Islam into Europe.

Who has the highest literacy rate?

Highest Literacy Rates

1. Andorra 100%
2. Finland 100
3. Greenland 100
4. Vatican (Holy See) 100
5. Liechtenstein 100

Who is father of algorithm?

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi

What was the strongest part of the Spanish military?

What was the strongest part of the Spanish military? Spanish Armada.

What country did Philip II rule?

Philip II, (born May 21, 1527, Valladolid, Spain—died September 13, 1598, El Escorial), king of the Spaniards (1556–98) and king of the Portuguese (as Philip I, 1580–98), champion of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation.

Why did the Islamic culture flourish?

Muslim scholars were linked to the revival of learning in Europe as they had preserved and translated ancient Greek writings, which became the basis of new scholarship in Europe.

How did algebra impact Islam?

Such was the influence of this work that the Arabic phrase al jabr in the book’s title gave rise to our modern word “algebra”. After Al-Khwarizmi, algebra became an important part of Arabic mathematics. Arabic mathematicians learned to manipulate polynomials, to solve certain algebraic equations, and more.

What did the Muslims accomplish?

New disciplines emerged – algebra, trigonometry and chemistry as well as major advances in medicine, astronomy, engineering and agriculture. Arabic texts replaced Greek as the fonts of wisdom, helping to shape the scientific revolution of the Renaissance.

Who is the No 1 Islamic scholar in the world?

A hitherto largely unknown Turkish Islamic scholar, Fethullah Gülen, has been voted the world’s top intellectual in a poll to find the leading 100 thinkers.

Who is the greatest scholar of Islam?

List of Islamic scholars described as father or founder of a…

  • Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi, “father of modern surgery” and the “father of operative surgery”.
  • Ibn Al-Nafis, “father of circulatory physiology and anatomy.
  • Abbas Ibn Firnas, father of medieval aviation.
  • Alhazen, “father of modern optics”.

What was the role of bookmaking in Islam?

Bookmaking was a lengthy, step-by-step process that employed illustrators, scholars, craftsmen, calligraphers, paper and leather suppliers, and librarians. The emphasis on education and literature in Islam meant that books were highly valued at all levels of society.

How is the Holy Book of Islam decorated?

The Muslim holy book, the Quran, was elaborately decorated by bookmakers. Historically, the art of bookmaking in the Islamic world was elaborate and highly organized. Vast sums of money went into the bookmaking process, and bookmaking was supported by wealthy individuals in Islamic society, including kings and noblemen.

What was the role of secular books in Islam?

Like their religious counterparts, secular books were well-crafted and highly decorative. The Islamic emphasis on education and literature increased the production of secular books, and these books were highly valued in the Islamic world.

What did Muslim scholars do for a living?

Decscribe two contributions made by Muslim scholars in these two categories of Zoology and Astronomy. Zoology:how to make medicines from animal parts and wrote books about the bodies of animals. Astronomy:and They improved navigational tools that easily helped them find the direction of Mecca. 16

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