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What is the motive of terrorism?

What is the motive of terrorism?

The purpose of terrorism is to exploit the media in order to achieve maximum attainable publicity as an amplifying force multiplier in order to influence the targeted audience(s) in order to reach short- and midterm political goals and/or desired long-term end states.

What event led to the war on terrorism?

War on terrorism, term used to describe the American-led global counterterrorism campaign launched in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001.

What is domestic terrorism in the United States?

Definition. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) defines domestic terrorism as violent, criminal acts which are committed by individuals and/or groups in order to further ideological goals stemming from domestic influences, such as those of a political, religious, social, racial, or environmental nature.

What is selective terrorism?

One type of terrorism, which we may call ‘selective’ or ‘individualized’, is directed against non-combatants who are targeted because of their individual identities or roles. In another sense, however, such terrorism is very discriminate, being directed against specific categories of people and not others.

How did the US respond to 911?

After the September 11, 2001 attacks, the U.S. government responded with immediate action (including rescue operations at the site of the World Trade Center and grounding civilian aircraft), and long-term action, including investigations, legislative changes, military action and restoration projects.

Why did the United States go to War against Iraq in 2003?

In March 2003, U.S. forces invaded Iraq vowing to destroy Iraqi weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and end the dictatorial rule of Saddam Hussein. When WMD intelligence proved illusory and a violent insurgency arose, the war lost public support. Saddam was captured, tried, and hanged and democratic elections were held.

What is the punishment for terrorism in America?

Federal terrorism penalties can include a death sentence even where a state has banned the death penalty. Even if no one is harmed or killed, an individual can face a long prison sentence. A conviction for providing material support or resources to a terrorist organization can result in imprisonment for 20 years.

Why is terrorism so hard to define?

The concept of terrorism is difficult to define because the politics involved in doing so are difficult to manage.

What are the four key elements of terrorism?

Terrorism is often, though not always, defined in terms of four characteristics: (1) the threat or use of violence; (2) a political objective; the desire to change the status quo; (3) the intention to spread fear by committing spectacular public acts; (4) the intentional targeting of civilians.

Who is considered enemy combatant?

Usually enemy combatants are members of the armed forces of the state with which another state is at war. In the case of a civil war or an insurrection “state” may be replaced by the more general term “party to the conflict” (as described in the 1949 Geneva Conventions Article 3).

What are the two biggest threats to national security?

National Security Threat List

  1. Terrorism. This issue concerns foreign power-sponsored or foreign power-coordinated activities that:
  2. Espionage.
  3. Proliferation.
  4. Economic Espionage.
  5. Targeting the National Information Infrastructure.
  6. Targeting the U.S. Government.
  7. Perception Management.
  8. Foreign Intelligence Activities.

Why did the US go to war with Iraq in 1991?

During this period, there was a deterioration of relations between the United States and Iraq. Iraq accused the United States and Israel of deliberately weakening Iraq by encouraging Kuwait to reduce oil prices.

What started the Iraq war?

Hostilities began about 90 minutes after the U.S.-imposed deadline for Saddam Hussein to leave Iraq or face war passed. The first targets, which Bush said were “of military importance,” were hit with Tomahawk cruise missiles from U.S. fighter-bombers and warships stationed in the Persian Gulf.

What is the most common type of terrorism?

Shooting was the most typical type of terrorist attack in 2019. That year, shootings were used in 41 percent of terrorist attacks. With 15 percent of all attacks, planting mines and IEDs (bombs) was the second most common act of terrorism that year.

How long can you go to jail for terrorism?

Whoever threatens to commit a terrorist act can be imprisoned for up to 10 years. There are a number of federal and state agencies that can be involved in a terrorism investigation.

Can you go to jail for terrorism?

In California, a threat of terrorism is considered a “wobbler” crime, as in it can be prosecuted as either a misdemeanor or a felony, depending on the circumstances. With a misdemeanor conviction, your punishment could include: Up to a year in county jail. A fine of up to $1,000.

What is terrorism in simple words?

Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government or its citizens to further certain political or social objectives. Terrorist acts against U.S. citizens can occur anywhere in the world.

Why is it so hard to define terrorism?

The difficulty in assigning a truly comprehensive definition to terrorism lies in the fact that, not only is it challenging to be specific when motives, targets and methods differ so broadly from case-to-case, but the complexity of untangling the overlaps within each of these categories makes the task virtually …

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