Who was the first leader after Muhammad?

Who was the first leader after Muhammad?

Abu Bakr
Sunni Islam maintains Abu Bakr to be the first leader after Muhammad on the basis of election.

Who led Islam after Muhammad?

Abu Bakr. After Muhammad’s passing, Islam began to spread rapidly. A series of leaders, known as caliphs, became successors to Muhammad. This system of leadership, which was run by a Muslim ruler, became known as a caliphate.

Who became the first caliph?

Following Muhammad’s death in 632, Abu Bakr succeeded in the leadership of the Muslim community as the first Rashidun Caliph.

Why did Abu Bakr became the first caliph?

Shortly before his death, Muhammad asked Abu Bakr to offer up a prayer for the people. This was taken as a sign that the Prophet had chosen Abu Bakr to succeed him. After Muhammad’s death, Abu Bakr was accepted as the first “deputy of the Prophet of God,” or caliph.

Who is the spiritual leader of Islam?

Imam
Imam, Arabic imām (“leader,” “model”), in a general sense, one who leads Muslim worshippers in prayer. In a global sense, imam is used to refer to the head of the Muslim community (ummah).

Who was the first person to accept Islam in India?

Numerous Indians living in the coastal areas of Kerala accepted the principles of the new religion and converted to Islam. The Brahmin King Cheraman Perumal was the first Indian to convert to Islam based on a historical event. The event was that a group of Prophet Muhammad’s Sahaba visited Kodungallur.

Which caliph ruled the longest?

Caliph Uthman
The Rashidun Caliphate reached its greatest extent under Caliph Uthman, in 654.

Who were the first 4 Caliphs of Islam?

Rashidun
Rashidun, (Arabic: “Rightly Guided,” or “Perfect”), the first four caliphs of the Islamic community, known in Muslim history as the orthodox or patriarchal caliphs: Abū Bakr (reigned 632–634), ʿUmar (reigned 634–644), ʿUthmān (reigned 644–656), and ʿAlī (reigned 656–661).

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