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Why is Islamic philosophy important?

Why is Islamic philosophy important?

Islamic philosophy had a major impact in Christian Europe, where translation of Arabic philosophical texts into Latin “led to the transformation of almost all philosophical disciplines in the medieval Latin world”, with a particularly strong influence of Muslim philosophers being felt in natural philosophy, psychology …

Who is the founder of Islamic philosophy?

In the eighth century, extensive contact with the Byzantine Empire led to a drive to translate philosophical works of Ancient Greek Philosophy (especially the texts of Aristotle) into Arabic. The ninth-century Al-Kindi is considered the founder of Islamic peripatetic philosophy (800-1200).

What are the basis of Islamic philosophy?

According to Hassan Langgulung (1979), the basis of Islamic Philosophy are the believe in God (Allah), the believe in God’s devotees, the believe in divine revelation that had been gave to the prophets, the believe that human has a potency within the development of morality and spirituality, the believe that each …

What are the major themes in Islamic philosophy?

Reflection on the two kinds of knowledge—the human knowledge bequeathed by the ancients and the revealed knowledge expressed in the Qurʾān—led al-Kindī to pose a number of themes that became central to Islamic philosophy: the rational–metaphorical exegesis of the Qurʾān and the Hadith; the identification of God with …

Which is true about the philosophy of Islam?

Secondly, the problems, the foundations, and aims of this philosophy are all Islamic, and it was Islam that formed this cohesive philosophy by gathering teachings and views belonging to many different cultures and schools of thought. 2. Islamic Philosophy

Who are the most famous philosophers of Islam?

Political philosophy. Islamic political philosophy, was, indeed, rooted in the very sources of Islam, i.e. the Qur’an and the Sunnah, the words and practices of Muhammad. However, in the Western thought, it is generally known that it was a specific area peculiar merely to the great philosophers of Islam: al-Kindi (Alkindus),…

Where is Islam the dominant religion in the world?

Because it began in the Middle East Islam is the dominant faith in this geographical area as well as in parts of Africa. Islam is the primary religion in countries such as Afghanistan, Algeria, Bangladesh, Egypt, Gambia, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Morocco, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Turkey, and Jordan.

Do you need to be a student of philosophy to read the works of Islamic philosophers?

One does not need to be a student or teacher of philosophy to read the works of these great philosophers. The complexity and sophistication of their work is an indication of the quality of intellectual life that prevailed in what is often referred to as the golden age of Islam.

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